X-ray Diffraction (XRD)






Basic Theory: X-rays
What are X-rays?
X-rays are electromagnetic radiation with very short wavelengths and high energy. 

X-rays have high energy and they penetrate opaque material, but are absorbed by materials containing heavy elements.  As an x-ray beam travels through a substance its intensity decreases with distance traveled through the matter.

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Celeste Morris, Bradley Sieve and Heather Bullen, Department of Chemistry, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41099